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The Who, What and Where of Energy Investing: James West
Source: Brian Sylvester of The Energy Report (2/23/12)
James West, publisher of the Midas Letter, asks himself three questions when considering energy investment opportunities: Who is the management? What is the asset mix? Where is the project located? He shares the names of companies in the oil, gas, uranium and lithium sectors that have all the right answers in this exclusive interview with The Energy Report.
James West: Energy holdings represent 15% and I expect that to grow closer to about 20–25%.
TER: Starting with oil and gas, which fundamentals are pushing you to invest?
JW: I have to qualify that oil and gas no longer track each other in prices. In fact, they are so widely divergent as to be almost opposing markets. Gas in North America is much cheaper than gas in the Ukraine. In the Ukraine, you are looking at $10/trillion cubic feet (Tcf) at the wellhead; in Canada and the U.S. it is below $2/Tcf. Oil and gas companies are valued on a premium depending on how much oil and condensates they produce relative to gas.
In domestic Canadian plays, I look for a much higher oil:gas ratio, in excess of 70%. If the ratio is reversed, I am not interested. However, for TSX-listed companies in Poland, Germany or France, the oil:gas ratio is not important. Large quantities of both are excellent, especially if the companies are producing light, sweet crude and low-sulfur gas. That is the best-case scenario.
Once I've evaluated a company's asset base, I look at the people behind the project. I look at capitalization and management's fundraising abilities because a lot of oil and gas plays are very expensive. If the company will be an operator, does management have operating experience?
Next, I look at location. Is the project in a politically tricky jurisdiction? The Niger Delta is somewhat of a hotspot now. Kurdistan is a bit problematic; Uzbekistan, Afghanistan—the -stans are always problematic. The elections in June make Mongolia a question mark right now.
TER: Recently, Canada's National Post reported that oil majors like Royal Dutch Shell Plc (RDS.A:NYSE; RDS.B:NYSE) and Malaysia's Petronas Nasional Bsd are evaluating plans to build terminals in the Kitimat, British Columbia area to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Asia. The Post speculates that the need for more natural gas could lead to a rash of takeovers with names like Talisman Energy Inc. (TLM:TSX), Painted Pony Petroleum Ltd. (PPY.A:TSX.V), Progress Energy (PGN:NYSE) and even Encana Corporation (ECA:TSX; ECA:NYSE). What are your thoughts on that speculation?
JW: The oil majors are considering LNG terminals for export to Asia because they get a better price in Asia, where there is a big and growing market. A lot of fundamental market drivers support that idea.
Companies like Talisman, Progress and EnCana are looking down the road. Building an LNG terminal can take up to 10 years from baseline environmental studies to the time you turn on the tap and start loading ships. This talk and activity is about capturing opportunities to move gas from its source to where it is needed, and in anticipation of the time when the global inventory diminishes.
Today, fracking and horizontal drilling have created new opportunities and new reserves of oil and especially gas. Now, you can drive a drill bit anywhere you want. Trillions of cubic feet of gas are in the global inventory. The market—always irrational—overreacted to that and now gas is at an all-time low. That will not last.
There is increased resistance to hydraulic fracking because blasting a toxic concoction of chemicals and fluids deep into the ground undermines the competency of the rock structures, and causes both the chemicals and natural gas to contaminate aquifers that supply drinking water. That is not just radical environmentalism; it is a real concern. For example, New York has banned fracking because of the problems with drinking water in Pennsylvania and in other places.
But the environmental concerns are up against equally strong economic concerns. With the economic weakness, the collective mindset is against environmental interference that delays economic activity derived from hydrocarbon exploration in the form of hydraulic fracking.
TER: What investment-worthy themes do you see playing out in the energy space this year?
JW: I think uranium prices will recover. I am not a fan of nuclear power, but as an investor, you cannot ignore the price movements of commodities and the inherent opportunities. Very knowledgeable people tell me there is demand for uranium in anticipation of a nuclear power construction boom in China.
I think lithium prices will increase and we are already seeing higher graphite prices.
Oil prices will continue to rise incrementally, with gas prices remaining stable or even tipping a bit going into summer in the Western Hemisphere. The Eastern Hemisphere is a different story. It will retain its higher gas pricing premium, roughly five times that of the Western Hemisphere.
There are a couple of caveats regarding incremental price increases for oil. If Iran, the second-largest OPEC producer, experiences a military regime change, the price of oil could spike to $140/barrel (bbl). The rise in sectarian Muslim violence in the Niger Delta, the largest African producer of oil, has already caused disruption, including a pipeline explosion.
TER: What about coal?
JW: Coal is like natural gas. I always ask: Where is it? What kind is it? Who are you going to sell it to?
The best coal story in terms of near-term share price appreciation is Prophecy Coal Corp. (PCY:TSX; PRPCF:OTCQX; 1P2:FSE). It has 1.4 billion tons at its Chandgana Ulaan Ovoo project. It has two coal mines in Mongolia. One is immediately south of the capital, Ulan Bator, where Prophecy has a permit to build a 600-megawatt power plant that will consume more than 2 million tons (Mt) of its coal annually. Called the Mine-Mouth Power Plant, it will be built right at the mine, and should be operational by 2016. The company is negotiating the power offtake agreement. According to its preliminary economic assessment (PEA), it has a good internal rate of return, but the exact numbers depend on what the power purchase agreement number is. It looks like it might be $0.06/kilowatt hour (KWh). The financing will be 70% through debt, 30% equity. Now, 70% debt is not what you'd call a done deal, but all of the Chinese and Mongolian players are ready to write checks.
TER: Prophecy is already producing coal. Will all of its coal go to the Mine-Mouth plant, or will it still export some?
JW: That is the beautiful thing about Prophecy, it has flexibility. It has an immediate project that will consume 2 Mt/day. It has a great offtake partner in itself. Essentially, it will sell the coal as electricity. It also has tons left over for export. It has exported some coal from its mine in Northern Mongolia to Russia, and that will likely increase in the future.
The company also owns 42% of Prophecy Platinum Corp. (NKL:TSX.V; PNIKD:OTCPK; P94P:FSE). Prophecy Platinum is a very liquid stock, last trading at more than $4. Basically, Prophecy Coal's entire market-cap value is in Prophecy Platinum shares. It is as if the power plant and the coal operation are a bonus for investors.
There is a discount because Mongolia is perceived as a bit flaky when it comes to deciding what to do with its natural resources. The Mongolian election in June adds some uncertainty. But the bottom line is that Mongolia is growing and it needs electric power. No matter who is elected, this plant will get built. The government will not steal it from Prophecy Coal because the government does not know how to run it and it lacks access to capital. China, its next-door neighbor, will make sure everything happens according to plan.
TER: Are there any gas-heavy names you believe deserve attention?
JW: Let's look specifically at names that might benefit from construction of LNG terminals in Canada. Although LNG terminals only process large suppliers of gas, even small suppliers can benefit indirectly.
The majors are going to be looking for juniors like Aroway Energy Inc. (ARW:TSX.V; ARWJF:OTCQX), which has an inventory of production and exploration targets in the form of lots of good three-dimensional (3D) seismic data. Besides drilling nine new wells this year, Aroway is shooting 3D seismic over 75% of its 101 sections on its 29K hectares. It is building itself into an attractive takeover target.
Shell Canada Ltd. is just to the south of Aroway. Birchcliff Energy Ltd. (BIR:TSX) is immediately to the west, and it has Crescent Point Energy Corp. (CPG:TSX) on its northeastern border. Aroway is essentially surrounded by billion-dollar plot companies, all of which will be looking to supply those LNG plants.
TER: Where and how is Aroway drilling?
JW: It is drilling in a very prolific region, into the Peace River Arch in the Leduc Formation. It's a traditional well with vertical and horizontal wells.
TER: In its first year, Aroway's share price went from $0.20 in July to the mid-$0.80s now. Can the company follow that with another successful year?
JW: I believe its second year will be even better for a couple of reasons. First, its joint venture partner controls the distribution and gathering infrastructure for the oil and gas on its land. Second, the company did a private placement at the end of 2010, which put some selling pressure on its stock. That pressure is gone; the company is cash-flow positive and no longer needs to raise money. At this point, there is no downward pressure on the share price from previous financing.
In 2011, Aroway said it would exit with 600 barrels per day (bbl/d). In fact, it exited with 670 bbl/d. Aroway under-promised and over-delivered. That is a key driver to getting a better share price valuation. But it remains under the 1,000 bbl/d mark. A company is not even considered a junior producer of any substance until it produces over 1,000 bbl/d. This year, Aroway's targeted exit production is 1,200 bbl/d. That will put the company into a new category and more companies will be looking at it as a takeover target and as a good, largely derisked investment, one with long-life wells and a clear growth strategy for a land package that could support average production of at least 100 bbl/d per well.
Its neighbor Birchcliff Energy is a billion-dollar company, producing 17,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day (boe/d). The possibility for Aroway to do that only grows with time. At the current price, it is still a fraction of what I think it will be worth. And remember, that 670 bpd reported production and its 1,200 bpd target for 2012, is only 50% of the oil being produced from those wells. Aroway's joint venture partner accounts for the remaining 50%. So, in essence, Aroway exited 2011 with more than 1,200 bpd on its own balance sheet.
There will be a lot of compelling reasons for Aroway and its joint venture partner to merge. At that point, it becomes a very attractive takeover candidate for a large mining company. I think 2012 will be even better than 2010 and 2011.
TER: Do you have another gas name?
JW: BNK Petroleum Inc. (BKX:TSX) is one of my favorites. The first thing that attracted me to BNK Petroleum is its people. Ford Nicholson, the chairman, was a board member of Bankers Petroleum Ltd. (BNK:TSX) and InterOil Corp. (IOC:NYSE). He also was with Tartan Energy Inc. (TEW:TSX.V). Bob Cross is another marquee name in oil and gas investment, former chairman of Yorkton Securities and of Northern Orion Resources Inc. (NNO:TSX) and non-executive chairman of B2Gold Corp. (BTO:TSX; BGLPF:OTCQX) and co-founder and chairman of Petrodorado Energy Ltd. (PDQ:TSX.V). General Wesley Clark is also on the board. The caliber of people involved is quite impressive.
The company is the largest landholder in Europe in terms of shale gas formations. Its share price has fallen, which is an opportunity for risk-tolerant and opportunistic investors. It is trading at $1.70 and has a total market cap of $250 million. In Europe, it is largely in Spain and Poland—two countries that need the bounty afforded by rich gas deposits. It also has very large land holdings in Texas and in Oklahoma in the Tishomingo field. Considering the size of its land position and the scarcity of gas in Europe, the company is in the right places.
It is in production: just under 40 Mboe, 24% of it oil and 40% is natural gas liquids. There is a real premium for that. I recommended it at $2.20. Then it lost $1.70 on the negativity associated with its lack of success on its first wells in Poland. This was an overreaction by the market. I think the company will rebound.
TER: What are some liquids-rich plays that you have some exposure to in terms of condensates?
JW: Again, BNK is a good one. New Zealand Energy Corp. (NZ:TSX.V; NZERF:OTCQX) has just started to really get up steam in the market. Here too, management is important. John Proust and his team have been working diligently.
This is the first onshore drilling production in New Zealand, which has always been a large importer of oil and gas. The company is producing 550 bpd light crude from its Copper Moki-1 well in the Taranaki Basin. It will drill as many as 10 exploration wells in 2012. The company has 152,000 acres, a potential 66 MMbbl resource and 730 MMbbl oil in plays.
TER: For the first time since 1978, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission has licensed construction of two new nuclear reactors, and you mentioned the Chinese nuclear construction plans earlier. Are you partial to any particular uranium plays?
JW: Athabasca Uranium Inc. (UAX:TSX.V; ATURF:OTCQX) is shaping up well. It just finished its first round of drilling and we are waiting for the assays.
NexGen Energy Partners LLC is another. It is a private company at this point, but will be going public. The dough is still rising. This is going to be the uranium play of the year if Athabasca Uranium is not.
TER: Do you have any parting thoughts on the energy space?
JW: I think lithium is going to be of growing interest and would like to mention a couple of companies close to production. Lithium One Inc. (LI:TSX.V) is headed by Paul Matysek, who created Uranium One Inc. (UUU:TSX), a multibillion-dollar company. Its board of directors includes Sal de Vida and, as a major offtake partner, the Korean consortium. It has a salar deposit project in northwest Argentina that is in prefeasibility. Its other project is a pegmatite deposit in Ontario's James Bay.
I also like International Lithium (ILC:TSX.V), which just started trading last year. It has the same sort of profile. Its pegmatite deposits in Ireland and Canada are very advanced and very rich. It also has a 160 square kilometer salar brine deposit in Argentina that looks very rich.
TER: Is International Lithium's Argentine project close to any others, making it a takeover target?
JW: Yes, there are a bunch of lithium companies operating in the northern Argentina zone, south of Bolivia, but I am not as familiar with them. I'll stick with Lithium One and International Lithium, the two that I think really have a shot.
TER: James, thank you for your time and your thoughts.
Read James West's gold and precious metals market insights here.
Midas Letter is the investment strategy journal of the Midas Letter Opportunity Fund, a Luxembourg-based Special Investment Fund that specializes in Canadian-listed emerging companies in the resource sector with a focus on precious metals explorers and miners. James West is the portfolio and investment advisor to the fund. Every month, West's Midas Letter Premium Edition deconstructs the economic and political events of the past and upcoming week, and identifies risks and opportunities to investors seeking to profit while the majority of investors are losing money.
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1) Brian Sylvester of The Energy Report conducted this interview. He personally and/or his family own shares of the following companies mentioned in this interview: None.
2) The following companies mentioned in the interview are sponsors of The Energy Report or The Gold Report: Royal Dutch Shell plc, Lithium One Inc., New Zealand Energy Corp., B2Gold Corp., Aroway Energy, Inc., Athabasca Uranium Inc., Prophecy Coal Corp. and Prophecy Platinum Corp. Streetwise Reports does not accept stock in exchange for services.
3) James West: I personally and/or my family own shares of the following companies mentioned in this interview: Aroway Energy Inc., Athabasca Uranium Inc., Birchcliff Energy Ltd., BNK Petroleum Inc., Crescent Point Energy Corp., Encana Corporation, International Lithium, Lithium One Inc., New Zealand Energy Corp., Painted Pony Petroleum Ltd., Progress Energy, Prophecy Coal Corp., Prophecy Platinum Corp., Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Talisman Energy Inc. I personally and/or my family am paid by the following companies mentioned in this interview: None. I was not paid by Streetwise for this interview.